Why Bone Graft?
Dental implant placement requires a healthy, adequate volume of bone. Sometimes this volume of bone is lacking due to periodontal disease, extractions, surgical procedures or general decrease in bone from long-term tooth loss. Today, bone grafting is a routine part of dental implant surgical care and more commonly known as guided tissue regeneration (GBR).
Guided tissue regeneration (GBR) uses bone graft material to replace missing bone due to a bone defect. The graft material may include growth factors, created from a concentrate from your own blood that is covered by a membrane. This membrane helps confine the graft material to the desired site and prevents growth of unwanted tissue. The graft material framework is eventually replaced with your own bone through natural bone metabolism.
Where Does the Bone Graft Material Come From?
Bone graft material comes from several sources, including your own body and several donor sources. These donor sources can be cadaver or other species such as bovine, equine or porcine. Regardless of the source, all these materials are extensively screened and FDA-approved to prevent any transmission of infectious disease, thus ensuring your safety.
What Types of Bone Grafting Material Are Available?
At Oral Dynamics, we perform a number of bone grafting procedures such as:
- Socket Grafts – When a tooth is extracted, bone shrinkage occurs rapidly, sometimes 60 percent in the first year. Grafting the socket at the time of extraction prevents this loss of bone and preserves the extraction site for future placement of a dental implant.
- Ridge Augmentation – Shrinkage from long-term tooth loss or past surgical procedures may leave the jawbone with a bone defect. With a ridge augmentation, grafting is done to the surface of your bone to increase volume back to normal levels, preparing the site for future dental implant placement.
- Sinus Grafts – Dental implant placement in the back of the upper jaw may be problematic when the sinus encroaches on the interior of the jaw bone. An opening is made into the sinus from the side or the ridge, and graft material is placed under the elevated sinus membrane. This increases the availability of healthy bone, preparing the site for future dental implant placement.
- Periodontal Defects – Bone loss around an otherwise healthy tooth can be replaced with bone grafting material to improve periodontal health and longevity.
- Implant Placement Graft – During immediate dental implant placement, a portion of the dental implant is not in contact with the bone in the socket — this space is filled with bone grafting material to aid in future implant integration.
To learn more about bone grafts in Allentown, Pennsylvania, please call 610-435-5707 and arrange a consultation with our dentist, Dr. Michael Rowland. We look forward to improving your smile’s health and appearance.